HARASSMENT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE (Military Focus)


Prevention Shield IconThe Department of Defense does not tolerate or condone harassment. Harassment jeopardizes combat readiness and mission accomplishment, weakens trust within the ranks, and erodes unit cohesion.  To learn more about the principles related to Harassment Prevention and various resources available to learn more about harassing behaviors please see below.

Harassment can be oral, visual, written, physical, or electronic. Harassment can occur through electronic communications, including social media, other forms of communication, and in person.  Harassing behavior may include, but is not limited to: unwanted physical contact, offensive jokes, epithets or name-calling, ridicule or mockery, insults or put-downs, displays of offensive objects or imagery, offensive non-verbal gestures, stereotyping, intimidating acts, veiled threats of violence, threatening or provoking remarks, racial or other slurs, derogatory remarks about a person’s accent or disability, or displays of racially offensive symbols.

Behavior that is unwelcome or offensive to a reasonable person and that interferes with work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive work environment is prohibited. All allegations of harassment must be evaluated under the totality of the circumstances, to include an assessment of the nature of the conduct and the context in which the conduct occurred. In some circumstances, a single incident of harassing behavior is prohibited harassment whereas, in other circumstances, repeated or recurring harassing behavior may be required to constitute prohibited harassment.

Do you have all the tools you need to be effective? Review the video below to learn more.
 

Harassment Prevention Tools Video (Awareness Overview)

Discriminatory Harassment Overview

Notice: Some terminology and concepts have changed slightly since the development of some items found within this tab. These changes include the Domain title changes from 'Relationship' to 'Interpersonal' and 'Community' to 'Organizational.' Additionally, the revision of DODI 1020.03 reinterpreted where some behaviors were located by definition and added the new behavior 'Stalking.'

Older developed items will not be modified to reflect the new changes. Future items developed will include/reorganize the terminology and behaviors appropriately. If you notice a disconnect, or if there is a question/concern on which is correct, refer to the updated DODI 1020.03 for more information.

PRINCIPLES OF PREVENTION (PoP)


PoP Orientation Video

PoP Tech Report
PoP Tri-Fold

POP Training Guide - Facilitation Strategy

Presentation
Presentation with Instructor Notes

A Leaders Guide to Harassment Prevention

Guide

SEXUAL HARASSMENT


Definition

Conduct that involves unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and deliberate or repeated offensive comments or gestures of a sexual nature.

Sexual harassment is:

A.  Conduct that:

1.  Involves unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and deliberate or repeated offensive comments or gestures of a sexual nature when:

a.  Submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of a person's job, pay or career;
b.  Submission to or rejection of such conduct by a person is used as a basis for career or employment decisions affecting that person; or
c.  Such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual's work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive working environment; and

2.  Is so severe or pervasive that a reasonable person would perceive, and the victim does perceive, the environment as hostile or offensive.

B.  Any use or condonation, by any person in a supervisory or command position, of any form of sexual behavior to control, influence, or affect the career, pay, or job of a member of the Armed Forces.

C.  Any deliberate or repeated unwelcome verbal comments or gestures of a sexual nature by any member of the Armed Forces or civilian employee of the Department of Defense.

There is no requirement for concrete psychological harm to the complainant for behavior to constitute sexual harassment. Behavior is sufficient to constitute sexual harassment if it is so severe or pervasive that a reasonable person would perceive, and the complainant does perceive, the environment as hostile or offensive.

Sexual harassment can occur through electronic communications, including social media, other forms of communication, and in person.


Prevention Initiatives


This information is to assist EO Leaders in conducting Sexual Harassment Prevention training. Please review Implementation Guide before proceeding.

Prevention Implementation Guide   ►  READ FIRST

Poster Prevention Initiatives

►  Proceed to Initiatives


Sexual Harassment - Human Dignity

click image to download the Human Dignity Booklet

Sexual Harassment - Human Dignity Animation

VIDEOS

Sexual Harassment Overt Behaviors

Sexual Harassment Subtle Behaviors (Social Media)

Discipline - Female Scenario

Discipline - Male Scenario

Can We Date? - Enlisted Scenario

►  Facilitation Guide: Can We Date - Enlisted

Can We Date? - Officer Scenario

►  Facilitation Guide: Can We Date - Officer

Unwanted Behavior Scenario

►  Facilitation Guide: Unwanted Behavior

 Shared Secret Scenario

►  Facilitation Guide: Shared Secret

Physical Training Scenario

►  Facilitation Guide: Physical Training

 






 

Prevention Principles

►  Orientation Paper

Additional Information

For additional information on Sexual Harassment please click the link below.

►  EO/EEO Fair Treatment - Sexual Harassment

Posters
Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.
 

Poster - Sexual Harassment

DISCRIMINATORY HARASSMENT


Definition
A form of harassment that is unwelcome conduct based on race, color, religion, sex (including gender identity), national origin, or sexual orientation.  See DoD Instruction 1020.03 for additional details.
 
Videos
 

Racial Discrimination Overview
 

Racial Discrimination Subtle Behaviors Video
(Scenario 1-He's So Square)

Racial Discrimination Subtle Behaviors Video
(Scenario 2-Hard Worker)

Racial Discrimination Subtle Behaviors Video
(Scenario 3-Look Alike)

Racial Discrimination Overt Behaviors Video
(Scenario-It's a BBQ)

 
Disability Discrimination

Visibility Discrimination

  Visibility Discrimination - Facilitation Guide

Auditory Discrimination

 

Color Discrimination Video

  Color Discrimination - Facilitation Guide

Sexist Behaviors

 

Videos Created for the USCG

USCG Version Racial Discrimination Video

  USCG: Race Discrimination - Facilitation Guide
 

 

USCG Version Religious Discrimination Video

  USCG: Religious Discrimination - Facilitation Guide

 

USCG Version Age Discrimination Video

  USCG: Age Discrimination - Facilitation Guide

 
National Origin Discrimination Videos

What's That Smell?

  Facilitation Guide:  What's That Smell

Proud To Be Me

  Facilitation Guide: Proud to be Me

Hallway Chatter

  Facilitation Guide: Hallway Chatter

 
Religious Discrimination Videos

Unlawful Religious Discrimination (Accommodation) Overview

 
   


 


Prevention Principles

▶  Orientation Paper

Additional Information
 
For additional information on Discrimination please click the link below where you will be directed to the EO/EEO Fair Treatment - Discrimination tab.  You will find Fact Sheets, Prevention Strategies, Online Lessons, Videos and additional training materials and resources.


▶  EO/EEO/ Fair Treatment - Discrimination

 

Posters
 

Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.

Image of 2021 Racial Discrimination Poster  2023 Cognitive Diversity Poster

 

 

 

BULLYING


Definition

A Form of Harassment that includes acts of aggression by Service members or DoD civilian employees, with a nexus to military service, with the intent of harming a Service member either physically or psychologically, without a proper military or other governmental purpose. Bullying may involve the singling out of an individual from his or her coworkers, or unit, for ridicule because he or she is considered different or weak. It often involves an imbalance of power between the aggressor and the victim. Bullying can be conducted through the use of electronic devices or communications, and by other means including social media, as well as in person.  See DoD Instruction 1020.03 for additional details.

Bullying Products
 

►  Bullying Quiz


Videos

Bullying (Awareness Overview)


Cyberbullying (Scenario)   

►  Facilitation Guide: Cyberbullying

 
Prevention Principles

Additional Information

For additional information on Bullying please click the link below where you will be directed to the EO/EEO Fair Treatment - Bullying tab.  You will find Fact Sheets, Prevention Strategies, Online Lessons, Videos and additional training materials and resources.

►  EO/EEO/ Fair Treatment - Bullying


Posters
Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.
 

The Incident Bullying Poster

"The Incident"

The Impact Bullying Poster

"The Impact"

The Report Bullying Poster

"The Report"

 

HAZING


Definition
A form of Harassment that includes conduct through which Service members or DoD employees, without a proper military or other governmental purpose but with a nexus to military Service, physically or psychologically injures or creates a risk of physical or psychological injury to Service members for the purpose of: initiation into, admission into, affiliation with, change in status or position within, or a condition for continued membership in any military or DoD civilian organization. Hazing can be conducted through the use of electronic devices or communications, and by other means including social media, as well as in person.  See DoD Instruction 1020.03 for additional details.

Videos

 

Hazing Overview

One of Us (Hazing Scenario)

►  Facilitation Guide:  One of Us

Prevention Principles

►  Orientation Paper

Additional Information
 
Annual Reports
Annual Reports on Hazing Prevention & Response in the Armed Forces.

►  2020 Hazing Report 
►  April 26 2016 – September 30 2017 
►  December 23 2015 – April 25 2016 

For additional information on Hazing please click the link below where you will be directed to the EO/EEO Fair Treatment - Hazing tab.  You will find Fact Sheets, Prevention Strategies, Online Lessons, Videos and additional training materials and resources.

 
Posters

Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.

Poster - Hazing 2014 Poster - Hazing Version 1 Poster - Hazing Version 2

STALKING


Definition


Stalking includes, but it is not limited to, a person:  

Who wrongfully engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear death or bodily harm, including sexual assault, to himself or herself, to a member of his or her immediate family, or to his or her intimate partner.

Who has knowledge, or should have knowledge, that the specific person will be placed in reasonable fear of death or bodily harm, including sexual assault, to himself or herself, to a member of his or her immediate family, or to his or her intimate partner.  When the conduct induces reasonable fear of death or bodily harm in the specific person, including sexual assault, to himself or herself, to a member of his or her immediate family, or to his or her intimate partner.
(For further information refer to Section 930 of Title 10 USC)

Videos



Stalking (Overview) 

 

Stalking:  Female (Scenario)

►  Facilitation Guide:  Stalking-Female

Stalking:  Male (Scenario)

►  Facilitation Guide:  Stalking-Male

Falling Out at Work (Scenario)

►  Facilitation Guide:  Falling Out At Work

 

Prevention Principles

Orientation Paper - coming soon!

Additional Information - coming soon!
 
Posters

Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.

2022 Stalking Poster

 

 

 

POLICIES AND PUBLICATIONS


Policies

►  PPOA 2.0 - Prevention Plan of Action 2.0 (2022-2024)

►  DoD Instruction 1020.03 w/Chg 2 - Harassment Prevention and Response in the Armed Forces

►  DoD Instruction 6400.11 - DoD Integrated Primay Prevention Policy for Prevention Workforce and Leaders

►  DoD Directive 7050.06 w/ Change 1 - Military Whistleblower Protection

►  DoD Instruction 1325.06 Chg 2 - Handling Protest, Extremist, and Criminal Gang Activities Protest and Other Activities Among Members of the Armed Forces

Publications

►  Technical Report 23-05, Harassment Prevention and Response:  An Overview of Current Policy, Training, and Intervention Approaches

GENERAL USE HARASSMENT PREVENTION POSTERS


Click on any image to download a full size version of each poster.

General Harassment Prevention Poster

2020 Hazing Harassment Prevention Poster Version 1

2020 Hazing Harassment Prevention Poster Version 2

General
Harassment Prevention
Hazing
Version 1
Hazing
Version 2
2020 Age Discrimination Poster 2021 Harassment Prevention Retaliation Poster 2021 Racial Discrimination Poster
Age Discrimination Retaliation Racial Discrimination
The Incident Bullying Poster The Impact Bullying Poster The Report Bullying Poster
Bullying: "The Incident" Bullying: "The Impact" Bullying: "The Report"
2021 Maltreatment Poster 2021 Harassment Prevention Reprisal Poster 2021 Ostracism Poster
Maltreatment Reprisal Ostracism
Image of 2022 Religious Discrimination Poster Poster Pregnancy Discrimination Military Image of Abuse of Power Poster
Religious Discrimination Pregnancy Discrimination - Military Abuse of Power
Sexual Harassment Poster Image of Extremism Poster 2023 Cognitive Diversity Poster
Sexual Harassment Extremism Cognitive Diversity
Color Discrimination Poster Criminal Acts Poster  
Color Discrimination Criminal Acts  

 

RETALIATION


Definition

Retaliation encompasses illegal, impermissible, or hostile actions taken by a Service members' chain of command, peers, or coworkers as a result of making or being suspected of making a protected communication in accordance with DoDD 7050.66. Retaliation for reporting a criminal offense can occur in several ways, including reprisal. Investigation of complaints of non-criminal retaliatory actions other than reprisal will be processed consistent with Service-specific regulations. In addition to reprisal, defined in Paragraph 3.7, additional retaliatory behaviors include ostracism, maltreatment, and criminal acts for a retaliatory purpose in connection with an alleged sex-related offense or sexual harassment; or for performance of duties concerning an alleged sex-related offense of sexual harassment.

Retaliation is conduct that punishes a DoD civilian employee for asserting the right to be free from harassment in the workplace. Retaliatory behaviors include, but are not limited to, reprisal, ostracism, maltreatment, and criminal acts for a retaliatory purpose. Retaliation includes illegal, impermissible, or hostile actions taken with the knowledge of management against DoD civilian employees for: Filing or being a witness in a charge, report, inquiry, or lawsuit; Communicating with a supervisor or manager about discrimination, including harassment; Answering questions during a DoD Component inquiry of alleged harassment; Refusing to follow orders that would result in harassment; or Resisting sexual advances or intervening to protect others.

For detailed definitions of the full range of retaliatory behaviors, see the RPRS Implementation Plan.

►  Download the Presentation


Retaliation Products
 

►  Retaliation Quiz
►  Retaliation Strategy Plan


Videos

 

Preventing Retaliation (Awareness Overview #1)

 

Retaliation Prevention (Awareness Overview #2)

 


Prevention Principles

►  Orientation Paper


Additional Information


Publications

►  Technical Report 23-52, Upholding Retaliation Prevention and Responsibility:  The Command Teams Vital Responsibility

 
Posters

Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.

Image of 2021 Retaliatin Poster

REPRISAL


Definition

In accordance with Section 1034 of Title 10, U.S.C., as implemented by DoDD 7050.06, reprisal is defined as taking or threatening to take an unfavorable personnel action, or withholding or threatening to withhold a favorable personnel action, for making, preparing to make, or being perceived as making or preparing to make a protected communication.

Note: This does not apply to DoD Civilians, who should refer to DoD Instruction 1020.04

►  Download the Presentation

Videos
 

Reprisal (Awareness Overview #1)


Actual Reprisal (Scenario)

►  Facilitation Guide:  Reprisal


Fear of Reprisal (Scenario)
 


Protected Communications - Reprisal

 

Prevention Principles

►  Orientation Paper

Additional Information - coming soon!

Posters

Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.

Image of 2021 Reprisal Poster

MALTREATMENT


Definition 
 

“Maltreatment” under Article 93, Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) (10 U.S.C. § 893): Maltreatment occurs when a person subject to the UCMJ is cruel toward, or oppresses or maltreats, any individual subject to the person’s orders. One form of maltreatment is cruelty toward, oppression of, or maltreatment of an individual subject to one’s orders because that individual: (1) reported a sex-related offense or sexual harassment or is believed to have reported a sex-related offense or sexual harassment; (2) was the victim of a sex-related offense or sexual harassment or is believed to have been the victim of a sex-related offense or sexual harassment; (3) was reported by another as being the victim of a sex-related offense or sexual harassment or is believed to have been reported by another as being the victim of a sex related offense or sexual harassment; (4) intervened, or attempted to intervene, to prevent or attempt to prevent a sex-related offense or sexual harassment or is believed to have intervened or attempted to intervene to prevent or attempt to prevent a sex-related offense or sexual harassment; or (5) has cooperated or is believed to have cooperated in an investigation, has served as a witness, will or may serve as witness, or is believed to have served as a witness, or it is believed that the individual will or may serve as a witness in the future in a criminal or disciplinary proceeding, or in an investigation, including an administrative investigation, involving a sex-related offense or sexual harassment.

Videos

 

Maltreatment Video - Military (Awareness Overview 1)


 

Maltreatment Video - Military (Awareness Overview 2)


Maltreatment Overt Behaviors


Maltreatment Subtle Behaviors

 

 

Prevention Principles - coming soon!

 

Additional Information - coming soon!

 

Posters
Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.
 
2021 Maltreatment Poster

OSTRACISM


Definition
 

Ostracism – The offense of “Ostracism” consists of: (1) with a nexus to military service, wrongfully excluding a military member from social acceptance or membership in or association with a group of which such military member was a part or a reasonable person would conclude wanted to be a part with the intent to do any of the following: (a) inflict emotional distress on the military member (“emotional distress” means a highly unpleasant mental reaction, such as anguish, grief, fright, humiliation, or fury); (b) discourage reporting of a criminal offense or sexual harassment; or (c) otherwise discourage the due administration of justice concerning a criminal offense or sexual harassment; and (2) because the perpetrator knew or believed that: (a) the member reported or was planning to report a criminal offense or sexual harassment; (b) the member was a victim or alleged victim of a criminal offense or sexual harassment; (c) the member was reported by another as being the victim of a criminal offense or sexual harassment; (d) the member intervened to prevent or attempt to prevent a criminal offense or sexual harassment from occurring; or (e) (e) the member cooperated in an investigation or the member has served or will or may serve as a witness or otherwise cooperate in the future in a criminal, disciplinary, or administrative proceeding or investigation involving a criminal offense or sexual harassment.

Videos

 

Ostracism Awareness Overview Video Version 1

Ostracism Awareness Overview Video Version 2

Ostracism-Overt Behaviors Awareness Video

Ostracism-Subtle Behaviors Awareness Video

 

Prevention Principles - coming soon!

 

Additional Information - coming soon!

 

Posters
Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.
 

2021 Ostracism Poster

CRIMINAL ACTS


Definition

“Criminal Act for a Retaliatory Purpose in Connection with an Alleged Sex-Related Offense or Sexual Harassment” A “Criminal Act for a Retaliatory Purpose in Connection with an Alleged Sex Related Offense or Sexual Harassment” is any offense under the UCMJ committed in relation to what the perpetrator of the UCMJ offense knew or believed to be a sex related offense or sexual harassment, including the reporting or witnessing thereof, because the perpetrator knew or believed that: (1) a member reported a sex-related offense or sexual harassment; (2) a member was the victim of a sex-related offense or sexual harassment; (3) a member was reported by another as being the victim of a sex-related offense or sexual harassment; (4) a member intervened to prevent or attempt to prevent a sex-related offense or sexual harassment from occurring; or 27 (5) a member cooperated in an investigation or a member has served or will or may serve as a witness or otherwise cooperate in a future criminal, disciplinary, or administrative proceeding or investigation involving a criminal offense or sexual harassment. B. “Criminal Act for Performance of Duties Concerning an Alleged Sex-Related Offense or Sexual Harassment” A “Criminal Act for Performance of Duties Concerning an Alleged Sex-Related Offense or Sexual Harassment” is any offense under the UCMJ committed because the victim of that offense was a service member who performed duties in any of the following capacities in connection with an alleged sex-related offense or alleged sexual harassment: (1) a sexual assault response coordinator; (2) a victim advocate; (3) an equal opportunity or military equal opportunity advisor; (4) a mental health counselor; (5) a health care provider; (6) a Family Advocacy Program staff member; (7) a special victims’ counsel or victims’ legal counsel; (8) a legal assistance counsel; (9) a defense counsel; (10) a trial counsel; (11) a military judge; (12) an appellate military judge; (13) a non-attorney acting under the authority, supervision, or direction of a counsel listed above in subparagraphs (7) through (10) or a judge listed above in subparagraphs (11) or (12); (14) or an Inspector General.

Videos - coming soon!

 

Prevention Principles - coming soon!

 

Additional Information - coming soon!
 
Posters
Click on the poster image(s) to download the full-sized product.

Criminal Acts Poster

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